Deer Tick

Stop Ticks On People
A Coalition in Partnership with
Families First New York, Inc.

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Tularemia

Overview:

Tularemia is often referred to as Deerfly fever or Rabbit fever.

Humans can contract the disease from direct contact with an infected animal or carcass via broken skin; from the bite of an infected flea or tick; or from ingesting infected meat (rare). Endemic areas (areas where the disorder occurs most commonly) include North America and parts of Europe and Asia. The illness may continue for several weeks after the onset of symptoms. Some people may develop an atypical pneumonia. Risk factors include recent exposure to rabbits or recent tick bite. The disease is very rare in the United States.
 

Vector:

American Dog Tick (Dermacentor variabilis)
Rocky Mountain Wood Tick (Dermacentor andersoni)
Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum)
 

Causative Agent:

Francisella tularensis
 
 

Endemic Area:

Rare reports across the entire United States.
 

Incubation Period:

1-14 days
 

Classic Symptoms:

Indolent ulcers
Swollen lymph nodes
May become serious... deaths can occur based on the strain
 

Lab Test(s):

Serology
Biopsy of tissue
 

Treatment:

Antibiotics: Strptomycin, Gentamycin
 

Search the Center for Disease Control, The National Institute of Health or PubMed for more information on Tularemia.
 

Source: Dutchess County DOH, National Institute of Health

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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